Lipoxin A4 reverses mesenchymal phenotypes to attenuate invasion and metastasis via the inhibition of autocrine TGF-[beta]1 signaling in pancreatic cancer

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Date: Dec. 11, 2017
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,676 words
Lexile Measure: 1410L

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Abstract :

Background Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease in part because of its potential for aggressive invasion and metastasis. Lipoxin A4 (LXA4) is one of the metabolites that is derived from arachidonic acid and that is catalyzed by 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX), and it has recently been reported to exhibit anti-cancer effects. However, the role of LXA4 in pancreatic cancer remains to be elucidated. Methods Pancreatic cell lines were treated with vehicle or LXA4, and the invasive capacity was then assessed by Transwell assays. The expression of epithelial and mesenchymal markers was determined by western blotting and immunofluorescence. Anti-TGF-[beta]1 neutralizing antibody and exogenous recombinant human TGF-[beta]1 (rhTGF-[beta]1) were used to study the effect of LXA4 on the TGF-[beta] signaling. A liver metastasis model was applied to investigate the effect of LXA4 in vivo. The correlation between the Lipoxin effect score (LES) and the clinical-pathological features of pancreatic cancer was also analyzed. Results We found that in patients with pancreatic cancer, low LES was correlated with aggressive metastatic potential. The LXA4 activity, which was mediated by the LXA4 receptor FPRL1, could significantly suppress invasion capacity and mesenchymal phenotypes. The expression and autocrine signaling pathway activity of TGF-[beta]1 were also downregulated by LXA4. In the liver metastasis model in nude mice, the stable analog of LXA4, BML-111, could inhibit the metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells. Conclusion Our results demonstrated that LXA4 could reverse mesenchymal phenotypes, which attenuated invasion and metastasis via the inhibition of autocrine TGF-[beta]1 signaling in pancreatic cancer, which may provide a new strategy to prevent the metastasis of pancreatic cancer. Keywords: Pancreatic cancer, Lipoxin A4, Mesenchymal phenotypes, TGF-[beta]1, Invasion and metastasis

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A546374669