Adjuvant Effects of Health Education of Chinese Medicine for Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Citation metadata

Date: Apr. 30, 2020
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,145 words
Lexile Measure: 1560L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Objective. To evaluate the adjuvant effects of health education of Chinese medicine (HECM) for patients with three types of common noncommunicable diseases (NCD-hypertension, diabetes, and coronary heart disease (CHD)). Methods. The protocol of this review was registered in the PROSPERO website (CRD42017058325). Six databases were searched till Sep. 30, 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing HECM plus conventional therapy with conventional therapy were retrieved. Participants were diagnosed as one of the 3 above NCDs. HECM is regarded as lectures and classes about diet therapy, exercise therapy, emotion balance, and other knowledge according to Chinese medicine theory. The control rate of the disease was defined as a primary outcome in this review. Outcomes were synthesized using meta-analyses where reporting was sufficiently homogeneous or alternatively synthesized in a systematic review. Results. In total, 12 trials with 1142 patients were included in this review. Since all the trials may have unclear or high risk of bias, only low quality evidence could be found for supporting the adjunctive effect of HECM in treating hypertension, diabetes, and CHD, to reduce the control rate (risk ratio -1.58), the blood pressure level (mean difference -9.38 mmHg), the fasting plasma glucose level (mean difference -1.26 mmol/L), and the symptoms of angina. Conclusion. The adjunctive effect of HECM on increasing the control rate of hypertension, improving the symptoms of diabetes and CHD, was only supported by low-quality evidence in this review. More rigorous trials with larger sample sizes and higher quality are warranted to provide a high quality of evidence.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A624972357