DNA methylation, isocitrate dehydrogenase mutation, and survival in glioma

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From: Journal of the National Cancer Institute(Vol. 103, Issue 2)
Publisher: U.S. National Cancer Institute
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 306 words

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Abstract :

Background Although much is known about molecular and chromosomal characteristics that distinguish glioma histological subtypes, DNA methylation patterns of gliomas and their association with other tumor features such as mutation of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes have only recently begun to be investigated. Methods DNA methylation of glioblastomas, astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, oligoastrocytomas, ependymomas, and pilocytic astrocytomas (n = 131) from the Brain Tumor Research Center at the University of California San Francisco, as well as nontumor brain tissues (n = 7), was assessed with the Illumina GoldenGate methylation array. Methylation data were subjected to recursively partitioned mixture modeling (RPMM) to derive methylation classes. Differential DNA methylation between tumor and nontumor was also assessed. The association between methylation class and IDH mutation (IDH1 and IDH2) was tested using univariate and multivariable analysis for tumors (n = 95) with available substrate for sequencing. Survival of glioma patients carrying mutant IDH (n = 57) was compared with patients carrying wild-type IDH (n = 38) using a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier analysis. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results We observed a statistically significant association between RPMM methylation class and glioma histological subtype (P Conclusion The homogeneity of methylation classes for gliomas with IDH mutation, despite their histological diversity, suggests that IDH mutation is associated with a distinct DNA methylation phenotype and an altered metabolic profile in glioma. J Natl Cancer Inst 2011;103:143-153 DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djq497

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A249135669