An optimal compact time-modulated circular antenna array synthesis using krill herd optimization.

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Date: Aug. 2021
From: Annales des Telecommunications(Vol. 76, Issue 7-8)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 333 words

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Abstract :

Keywords: Circular antenna array; Compact antenna array; Time modulation; Side lobe level; First null beam width; Directivity; Krill herd optimization Abstract In this paper, an optimal far-field radiation pattern synthesis by using time modulation technique is carried out for a compact circular antenna array (CAA) design using a stochastic optimization method called krill herd (KH) optimization. A compact antenna array is achieved by reducing the inter-element spacing between the array elements, which leads to the miniaturization of the size of the array. On the other hand, an improved far-field radiation characteristic is achieved with a low side lobe level (SLL) and narrow first null beam width (FNBW). A low SLL is an essential requirement to reduce the interference with the other systems operating in the same frequency band. A narrow FNBW is necessary to obtain a high directivity. In time modulation technique, 'time' has the most significant role. It is considered the fourth-dimensional parameter, which plays the role of an additional degree of freedom to achieve an improved radiation pattern. The time-modulated antenna array (TMAA) radiates at various harmonic frequencies for the periodic switching time sequence. In this paper, the generation of the radiation pattern at the fundamental/central frequency only is considered. The KH algorithm is a flexible and robust search algorithm. It is applied here to find out the optimum sets of switching on-time duration for each array element and to determine the optimum inter-element separation between two array elements of the 20- and 36-element time-modulated circular antenna array (TMCAA). Particle swarm optimization (PSO) and differential evolution (DE) optimization techniques are also individually applied for the same design purpose to prove the superiority of the KH algorithm--based design. Finally, statistical analysis is performed to ensure the significance of the numerical results. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, HIT, 721657, Haldia, India (2) Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NIT, 713209, Durgapur, India (a) Article History: Registration Date: 11/19/2020 Received Date: 07/11/2019 Accepted Date: 11/19/2020 Online Date: 11/25/2020 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A667937598