Advances in circular RNAs and their roles in breast Cancer

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Authors: Xuehui Wang and Lin Fang
Date: Aug. 29, 2018
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 7,259 words
Lexile Measure: 1480L

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Abstract :

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of noncoding RNAs with a closed loop structure. With the development of high-throughput sequencing, massive circRNAs have been discovered in tumorous tissues. Emerging evidence suggests that the biological functions of circRNAs including serving as ceRNAs or miRNA sponges, interacting with proteins, regulating gene transcription and translation, suggesting that circRNAs will be novel biomarkers and targets for the diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women worldwide. It is vital to understand the molecular pathways involved in the pathogenesis of proliferation and progression. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on human circRNAs and their potential clinical implications on breast cancer. Keywords: Circular RNA, Breast cancer, miRNA, Biomarker, Treatment

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A552433378