Association of cerebral microvascular perfusion and diffusion dynamics detected by intravoxel incoherent motion-diffusion weighted imaging with initial neurological function and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke.

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Date: Sept. 16, 2021
From: PeerJ(Vol. 9)
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 6,561 words
Lexile Measure: 1380L

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Abstract :

Background This work aimed to explore the association of cerebral microvascular perfusion and diffusion dynamics measured by intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging with initial neurological function and clinical outcome in acute stroke. Methods In total, 39 patients were assessed with admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and day-90 modified Rankin Scale (mRS). The parametrical maps of IVIM were obtained, including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), true diffusion coefficient (D) and perfusion fraction (f). The fD* was the product of f and D*. Moreover, the ratios of lesioned/contralateral parameters (rADC, rD, rD*, rf and rfD*) were also obtained. The differences of these parameters between the poor outcome group and good outcome group were evaluated. Partial correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlations between the admission NIHSS/day-90 mRS and each parameter ratio, with lesion volumes controlled. Results The ADC, D, D*, f and fD* values of lesions were significantly reduced than those of the contralateral regions. The rADC and rD were significantly decreased in the poor outcome group than good outcome group (all p Conclusion Significant negative correlations were revealed between IVIM derived diffusion dynamics parameters and initial neurological function as well as clinical outcome for patients with acute ischemic stroke. IVIM can be therefore suggested as an effective non-invasive method for evaluating the acute ischemic stroke.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A675641990