The Native American Joseph (ca. 1840-1904), a Nez Percé chief, fought to preserve his homeland and did much to awaken the conscience of America to the plight of Native Americans.
Joseph was born in the Wallowa Valley of northeastern Oregon. In 1871, upon the death of his father, he assumed leadership of the nontreaty Nez Percé, who refused to give up their ancestral land and move to an Indian reservation. White settlers coveted the traditional homeland of these Native Americans, and Joseph, seeking confirmation of Nez Percé territorial rights, met with Federal commissioners to discuss a treaty in which the Indians had supposedly ceded their land to the U.S. government. The commissioners were disconcerted by Joseph, who stood six feet...Read more
- September 21, 1904
- Joseph the Younger;
- The Napoleon of the Indian Race;
- Thunder Rolling in the Mountains;
- Joseph, Chief