New global political tensions arose in the aftermath of World War II, when the world's most influential nations gravitated toward two competing ideologies. Democratic capitalism occupied one end of the spectrum, while totalitarian communism occupied the other. This set the stage for a decades-long stare-down between the world's two so-called "superpowers:" the United States and the Soviet Union. This period in twentieth century history is known as the Cold War.
The Cold War was not a traditional war, as the United States and the Soviet Union never openly engaged in hostilities. However, each nation built huge stockpiles of nuclear weapons, and nuclear war remained an imminent threat. Canada was very much involved in the Cold War by virtue of its...Read more