Movements for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) rights seek to end discriminatory laws, practices, and social norms that prevent or limit LGBTQ+ people's access to education, health care, housing, marriage, parenting, employment, and public space. LGBTQ+ communities encompass a broad range of sexual orientations and gender identities (SOGI), especially when considered on a global scale.
Culture heavily influences norms related to gender, sex, and the family, so different societies may have more flexible or numerous gender and sex categories than others. For example, some North American Indigenous tribes have a third gender called Two-Spirit, sometimes indicated by "2S" (e.g., LGBTQ2S), that traditionally describes individuals who embody both man and woman. Many cultures also have specific terms to...Read more