Refugees are people forced to flee their country because of persecution, war, or violence. People who claim refugee status but have not been officially confirmed as refugees are called asylum seekers. The 1951 United Nations (UN) Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees requires that nations admit asylum seekers as refugees if conditions are unsafe in their home countries. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) works to protect and resettle refugees.
Economic migrants, who cross borders to improve their standard of living or find work, are not considered refugees. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are people who are forced from their homes by the same factors as refugees but remain within their own country. The number of forcibly displaced persons...Read more