A number of violent attacks around the world have drawn attention to religious fundamentalism. Although the Taliban and Boko Haram are among the most visible groups acting in the twenty-first century, many religious sects, including Christian organizations, operate with their own agendas of promoting versions of their faiths that mainstream religions reject.
The word “fundamentalism” is frequently used to describe strict or literal adherence to the basic principles or text of a traditional religion. The word was coined in the early twentieth century in reference to a Protestant movement in the United States. Since then, the term “fundamentalism” has been applied to religions worldwide, though some scholars object to this broad use of the word.
As applied to all religions,...Read more