Freedom of speech and expression, right to privacy, and protection of minorities against harassment and discrimination are central to the rights of K12 students in the United States. Student rights generate disagreement in K12 schools because most students are minors under the age of eighteen. Balancing student rights with a school's responsibility to provide safe educational environments creates legal tensions, many of which have been litigated in federal courts.
Public schools fall under the authority of federal antidiscrimination laws. Private schools are prohibited from discrimination in admissions but are not subject to other federal civil rights laws because, according to contract law, private schools are considered the legal guardians of their students while students are in school. This enables private...Read more