Criminal justice refers to the system of government institutions that address crime and punishment. The major components of the criminal justice system are law enforcement, such as the police; the courts, including prosecutors, defense lawyers, judges, and juries; and corrections, which refers to prisons and probation officers. These institutions are responsible for ensuring public safety, rehabilitating offenders, and preventing crime. Additionally, officers of the criminal justice system are tasked with protecting the rights of both victims and the accused.
The United States has the highest incarceration rate and the largest prison population in the world. Almost 1.3 million people were held in federal and state prisons and local jails by the end of 2020, according to the US Department of...Read more