Reproductive rights refer to the rights of couples and individuals to determine when and whether to have children as well as their rights to access information and services related to reproductive health. Though reproductive rights are often discussed in relation to access to safe, legal abortions, these rights also relate to the availability of birth control, sex education and outreach, access to fertility resources, maternal and prenatal health care, and freedom from forced or coerced pregnancy, abortion, and sterilization.
The US Constitution does not explicitly protect reproductive rights. However, state and federal laws restricting access to reproductive services have been successfully challenged on constitutional grounds. Notably, the US Supreme Court ruled in Roe v. Wade (1973) that the Fourteenth Amendment protected...Read more