Translating into English as "The Base," al-Qaeda is a militant Sunni Islamist group established in the late 1980s. Begun as a pro-Muslim network during the Afghan War against the Soviet Union, al-Qaeda has since become known worldwide as a terrorist organization, particularly for the attacks it perpetrated on the United States on September 11, 2001. Al-Qaeda continued to be active throughout the 2010s but became increasingly decentralized, with mostly autonomous branches operating in different geographic locales. In 2020 al-Qaeda continued to operate in Afghanistan, Iraq, North Africa, Somalia, Syria, Pakistan, and Yemen.
Saudi multimillionaire Osama bin Laden (1979–1989) founded al-Qaeda in 1988 during the Soviet-Afghan War (1979–1989). Prior to the inception of al-Qaeda, bin Laden fought in support of the...Read more