Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the contraction of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is spread through the transmission of bodily fluids such as blood, semen, and breast milk. AIDS attacks the body’s immune system, ultimately making it less resistant to illness. By itself, AIDS is not fatal; however, over time, someone infected with AIDS typically finds it increasingly difficult to fight off infection. Ultimately, AIDS patients often contract a series of illnesses known as “opportunistic infections” that affect people with a poor immune system. These infections can result in death.
Although advances in medical treatments have reduced the number of deaths from AIDS, it is still a very dangerous condition, particularly for patients in low-income...Read more