Expansion of Railroads
Railroads were critical to America's Industrial Revolution (c. 18th–19th centuries). They linked American hubs of manufacturing and enterprise together across large distances. They helped accelerate the process of industrialization in a nation that was barely 50 years old at the time. In the early 21st century, railroads remain an important part of the American landscape, though their use has changed over time.
Rail transport in the United States began in the early 18th century. One of the earliest rail vehicles was Montresor's Tramway, a combination railroad and elevator which made use of gravity to haul supplies. Montresor's Tramway was also known as a "gravity railroad" because of this mechanism.
Early Americans also used wooden railroads, called "wagonways," for travel. Later,...Read more