The U.S. Civil War took place from 1861 to 1865 and was fought between the Union states in the north and the Confederate states in the south. The war was the result of several years of disagreement and conflict over the issues of slavery, states' rights, and the westward expansion of the United States.
Over the course of the war, the original plan of a short and limited conflict to restore the Union turned into a total war to abolish slavery and significantly altered the course of the country. By the time it ended, the war had become the deadliest conflict ever fought on American soil, with more than 600,000 soldiers killed.
The mid-19th century was a period of significant...Read more