Segregation, in U.S. history, primarily refers to the historic practice of maintaining separate public facilities for Black and white Americans in cities, counties, and towns. Its purpose was to relegate African Americans to second-class citizenship. Segregation was enforced in the United States for nearly a hundred years after the U.S. Civil War (1861–1865) ended.
U.S. courts have recognized two forms of segregation: de jure and de facto segregation. De jure segregation refers to segregation enforced by law. It was essentially declared unconstitutional in the 1960s. De facto segregation, meanwhile, is segregation that is not mandated by standing law, and it continues to affect human interactions and population distributions into the 21st century.
Toward the end of the U.S. Civil War,...Read more