Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) was a landmark Supreme Court case which legitimized the "separate but equal" doctrine for public facilities. It was used to uphold racial segregation in Jim Crow America during the late 19th to mid-20th centuries. The decision is considered by many legal scholars and historians to be one of the worst in Supreme Court history. It set a legal precedent that the "separate but equal" principle was constitutional.
Plessy v. Ferguson began with the 1890 passage of the Louisiana Separate Car Act. This act required railway companies to provide separate cars for Black passengers and white passengers. A group of concerned citizens formed Comité des Citoyens (Committee of Citizens) to challenge the act. The Comité decided that the...Read more