The Byzantine Empire (395–1453) was one of the most important cultural, economic, and political centers in Europe during much of the late antiquity (c. 3rd–8th centuries) and the medieval period (c. 5th–15th centuries). An offshoot of the late Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire was in many ways its opposite. The Byzantine Empire was more heavily influenced by Greek culture, which later caused a rift between it and the Western Roman Empire.
The reign of Emperor Constantine I (c. 272–337), also known as Constantine the Great, brought many changes to the Roman Empire (27 b.c.e.–395 c.e.). To make the empire stronger, he introduced improvements to its trade, military, and religious institutions. He also moved the empire's seat of government from Rome...Read more