Ancient Greece (c. 12th century b.c.e.–600 c.e.) was a period in Greek history which saw the flourishing and circulation of Greek arts, culture, and politics. This era is typically divided into four periods, which mark major turning points in the development of Greek and, ultimately, of Western civilization.
The Archaic Period (c. 8th–5th centuries b.c.e.) followed the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization near the end of the Bronze Age in the eighth century b.c.e. This period saw the growth of Greek populations as they began organizing themselves into poleis, or city-states. Though they had much in common culturally, the poleis operated independently of one another and developed unique characteristics of their own. Sparta, for instance, eventually grew into a powerful...Read more