The Mayas are an indigenous people that settled in Mesoamerica (present-day Mexico and Central America) beginning in 1800 b.c.e. The Maya civilization, which reached its height from 250 to 900 c.e., built magnificent stone cities, used a calendar system, and developed a system of mathematics and hieroglyphic writing.
The reasons for the decline of the Maya people are unknown. But one by one, most of their great cities were abandoned. By the time the Spanish colonizers arrived in 1524, the remaining Mayas were living in small farming villages.
The history of the Mayas dates back 4,000 years, when hunter-gatherer tribes began to settle in villages and plant crops like corn, beans, squash, and chili pepper. During the preclassic or formative...Read more