In the body of an athlete, exercise induces changes which vary depending upon the nature of the activity. Endurance athletes, such as marathon runners and long distance cyclists, must supply their muscles with oxygen, swiftly remove the waste products of metabolic activity from their tissues, and quickly propel their bodies along for mile after mile. In contrast, weightlifters need to generate sudden, explosive power in their arms and legs in order to propel massive weights in a given direction.
While the athletic activities may demand different responses from the body, the underlying physiology is similar. Sports physiology is concerned with the response of muscles. Other functions of the body change to support the demand for increased muscular activity. For example,...Read more